Quality of life after housing first for adults with serious mental illness who have experienced chronic homelessness
Benjamin F. Henwood, Jason Matejkowski, Ana Stefancic, Jonathan M. Lukens
August 1, 2014
•General quality of life did not improve during the year after moving into housing.
•However, some specific quality of life domains (subjective and objective) improved.
•Community participation generally did not increase.
•Community participation had limited impact on quality of life domains.
•Psychiatric symptom severity negatively and broadly impacted quality of life.
This 1-year longitudinal study of adults who have recently transitioned from homelessness to Permanent Supportive Housing (PSH) focuses on quality of life as a primary outcome of interest. Eighty of 103 new tenants participated in structured interviews at the time of entry into their new home and at 12-months post-housing. t-tests assessed differences in community participation and quality of life measures at the 2 time points. Mixed effects models examined the impact of community participation on quality of life. Results show that time in independent housing was significantly associated with several domains of quality of life. Symptom severity was also significantly and negatively related to quality of life domains. Community participation was significantly related to frequency of social contacts only. These findings suggest that community participation is not critical to improving quality of life, and that despite concerns that individuals may feel isolated and lonely when living independently, satisfaction with one׳s living situation and family relationships nevertheless improves with housing tenure.