Neurobiological Factors as Predictors of Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy Outcome in Individuals with Antisocial Behavior
A Review of the Literature
Liza J. M. Cornet, Catharina H. de Kogel, Henk L. I. Nijman, Adrian Raine, Peter H. van der Laan
International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
This review focuses on the predictive value of neurobiological factors in relation to cognitive–behavioral therapy outcome among individuals with antisocial behavior. Ten relevant studies were found. Although the literature on this topic is scarce and diverse, it appears that specific neurobiological characteristics, such as physiological arousal levels, can predict treatment outcome. The predictive value of neurobiological factors is important as it could give more insight into the causes of variability in treatment outcome among individuals with antisocial behavior. Furthermore, results can contribute to improvement in current treatment selection procedures and to the development of alternative treatment options.