Policy Issues Regarding the Overrepresentation of Incarcerated Aboriginal Young Offenders in a Canadian Context
Raymond R. Corrado, Sarah Kuehn, Irina Margaritescu
April 2014 vol. 14 no. 1 40-62
Over-representation of visible minority youth in youth prisons is evident in most advanced industrial and liberal democratic countries. In Canada, federal and provincial governments have initiated policy strategies to counteract the over-representation of Aboriginal offenders. One critical national initiative, the 2003 Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA), explicitly acknowledges the special status of Aboriginal youth. The current study examines (1) whether the YCJA has reduced the over-representation of Aboriginal young offenders in prison, and (2) whether the risk factor and offence profiles of incarcerated Aboriginal young offenders differ from Caucasian young offenders. Policy implications for Canada and other countries are discussed.