Acceptance and Commitment Therapy versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorder with Incarcerated Women

 

 

Patricia Villagrá Lanza, Paula Fernández García, Filomena Rodríguez Lamelas, Ana González-Menéndez

Journal of Clinical Psychology

21 JAN 2014

DOI: 10.1002/jclp.22060

 

 

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jclp.22060/abstract

 

Objectives

This randomized controlled study compared acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and a control group.

Method

The participants were 50 incarcerated women diagnosed with current substance use disorder. Two psychologists carried out pre- and posttreatment assessment and a 6-month follow-up assessment using the following instruments: Anxiety Sensitivity Index, Addiction Severity Index-6, Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and Acceptance and Action Questionnaire.

Results

The study shows that the women who received treatment benefited differentially from the interventions. At posttreatment, CBT was more effective than ACT in reducing anxiety sensitivity; however, at follow-up, ACT was more effective than CBT in reducing drug use (43.8 vs. 26.7%, respectively) and improving mental health (26.4% vs. 19.4%, respectively).

Conclusion

ACT may be an alternative to CBT for treatment of drug abuse and associated mental disorders. In fact, at long-term, ACT may be more appropriate than CBT for incarcerated women who present serious problems.